Malnutrition is a disequilibrium between what we eat and what we need. The lack of food products in the markets, the difficult access to the supply places, because of few transportation or financial tools, contribute to the alimentary insecurity of the most vulnerable populations. Malnutrition is caused by a daily nutritional disequilibrium and the ingestion of chemical substances found in the industrials food products.
It has a direct impact on the physical and psychological development. Some adults can suffer from malnutrition but the children in the developing countries are the most vulnerable. 3 to 5 million children die every year because of malnutrition. In the world, 1.5 million humans suffer from Anemia, a blood disease that appears because of alimentary deficiency. In Peru, Anemia is a very frequent disease. It concerns 47% of the children of less than 3 years old and 57% in the rural zone. It mostly appears because of a lack of iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid. In seven years in the country, chronic malnutrition in children decreased by half, thanks to the reinforcement of the politics against anemia created by the health minister and the social program’s development.
In Huaylas, a community in Ancash region, some bio-garden are created for the school’s restaurants. These gardens enable a healthier and economical alimentation for the children, thanks to biological and local vegetables. Directly implanted in the school area, it enables the alimentary education for the youngest generation.